Memory-mapped I/O ports on CX II

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Not all parts have been discovered and researched yet, so the information on this page is not complete.

00000000 - Boot1 ROM

128kB of on-chip ROM.

10000000 - SDRAM

64 MiB, managed by 0x90120000.

90000000 - General Purpose I/O (GPIO)

See GPIO Pins

90010000 - Fast timer

The same interface as 900C0000/900D0000, see Second timer.

90020000 - Serial UART

PL011.

90030000 - Unknown

Probably some kind of hash/crypto thing.

90040000 - SPI controller

FTSSP010 SPI controller connected to the LCD.

90060000 - Watchdog timer

Possibly an ARM SP805 or compatible.

90070000 - Second Serial UART

PL011.

90080000 - Unknown

Unknown. Probably an FTSSP010 as well.

90090000 - Real-Time Clock (RTC)

Similar to the ARM PrimeCell PL031, but interrupt registers are different.

  • 90090000 (R): Current time, increments by 1 every second.
  • 90090004 (R/W): Alarm value. When the time passes this, interrupt becomes active.
  • 90090008 (R/W): Sets the value of 90090000 (clock will not read new time until a couple seconds later). Reads last value written.
  • 9009000C (R/W): Interrupt mask (1-bit)
  • 90090010 (R/W): Masked interrupt status, reads 1 if interrupt active and mask bit is set. Write 1 to acknowledge.
  • 90090014 (R): Status
    • Bit 0: Time setting in progress
    • Bit 1: Alarm setting in progress
    • Bit 2: Interrupt acknowledgment in progress
    • Bit 3: Interrupt mask setting in progress

900A0000 - Miscellaneous

Seems to be similar to CX and Classic, except for the model ID at 900A0000 which is now 0x202.

900B0000 - ADC

A Faraday FTADCC010.

900C0000 - First timer

Same port structure as Second timer.

900D0000 - Second timer

Timer is a SP804.

900E0000 - Keypad controller

See also Keypads for information about the keypads themselves.

  • 900E0000 (R/W):
    • Bits 0-1: Scan mode
      • Mode 0: Idle.
      • Mode 1: Indiscriminate key detection. Data registers are not updated, but whenever any key is pressed, interrupt bit 2 is set (and cannot be cleared until the key is released).
      • Mode 2: Single scan. The keypad is scanned once, and then the mode returns to 0.
      • Mode 3: Continuous scan. When scanning completes, it just starts over again after a delay.
    • Bits 2-15: Number of APB cycles to wait before scanning each row
    • Bits 16-31: Number of APB cycles to wait between scans
  • 900E0004 (R/W):
    • Bits 0-7: Number of rows to read (later rows are not updated in 900E0010-900E002F, and just read as whatever they were before being disabled)
    • Bits 8-15: Number of columns to read (later column bits in a row are set to 1 when it is updated)
  • 900E0008 (R/W): Keypad interrupt status/acknowledge (3-bit). Write "1" bits to acknowledge.
    • Bit 0: Keypad scan complete
    • Bit 1: Keypad data register changed
    • Bit 2: Key pressed in mode 1
  • 900E000C (R/W): Keypad interrupt mask (3-bit). Set each bit to 1 if the corresponding event in [900E0008] should cause an interrupt.
  • 900E0010-900E002F (R): Keypad data, one halfword per row.
  • 900E0030-900E003F (R/W): Keypad GPIOs. Each register is 20 bits, with one bit per GPIO. The role of each register is unknown.
  • 900E0040 (R/W): Interrupt enable. Bits unknown but seems to be related to touchpad. Causes interrupt on touchpad touched.
  • 900E0044 (R/W): Interrupt status. Bits unknown. Write 1s to acknowledge.
  • 900E0048 (R/W): Unknown

90120000 - SDRAM Controller

An FTDDR3030.

90130000 - Unknown Controller for the LCD Backlight

The OS controls the LCD backlight by writing to 90130018.

90140000 - Power management

A new "Aladdin PMU" unit. Not much known.

A4000000 - Internal SRAM

0x40000 bytes SRAM, managed by the controller at ?.

A8000000 - Internal SRAM

0x25800 bytes SRAM for an LCD framebuffer, managed by the controller at ?. It might be bigger in reality, but the OS only ever accesses 320*240*2 Bytes.

B0000000 - USB OTG/Host/Device controller (top)

An FOTG210 connected to the top USB port.

B4000000 - USB OTG/Host/Device controller (bottom)

An FOTG210 connected to the bottom USB port (dock connector).

B8000000 - SPI NAND controller

An FTSPI020 with a MICRON 1Gb flash at CS 1.

BC000000 - DMA controller

An FTDMAC020 with main SDRAM and LCD RAM (everything?) connected to AHB1. The OS uses this to copy the framebuffer into LCD RAM.

C0000000 - LCD controller

A PL111.

C8010000 - Triple DES encryption

Implements the Triple DES encryption algorithm.

  • C8010000 (R/W): Right half of block
  • C8010004 (R/W): Left half of block. Writing this causes the block to be encrypted/decrypted.
  • C8010008 (R/W): Right 32 bits of key 1
  • C801000C (R/W):
    • Bits 0-23: Left 24 bits of key 1
    • Bit 30: Set to 0 to encrypt, 1 to decrypt
  • C8010010 (R/W): Right 32 bits of key 2
  • C8010014 (R/W): Left 24 bits of key 2
  • C8010018 (R/W): Right 32 bits of key 3
  • C801001C (R/W): Left 24 bits of key 3

CC000000 - SHA-256 hash generator

Implements the SHA-256 hash algorithm, which is used in cryptographic signatures.

  • CC000000 (R): Busy if bit 0 set
  • CC000000 (W): Write 0x10 and then 0x0 to initialize. Write 0xA to process first block, 0xE to process subsequent blocks
  • CC000008 (R/W): Some sort of bus write-allow register? If a bit is set, it allows R/W access to the registers of the peripheral, if clear, R/O access only. Don't know what it's doing here, but it's here anyway.
  • CC000010-CC00004F (R/W): 512-bit block
  • CC000060-CC00007F (R): 256-bit state

DC000000 - Interrupt controller

See Interrupts. The controller is a PL190.